Download e-book for kindle: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge by Michael J. Murray, Michael C. Rea

By Michael J. Murray, Michael C. Rea

ISBN-10: 0521619556

ISBN-13: 9780521619554

An creation to the Philosophy of Religion presents a wide evaluation of the themes that are on the vanguard of debate in modern philosophy of faith. trendy perspectives and arguments from either old and modern authors are mentioned and analyzed. The e-book treats all the imperative themes within the box, together with the coherence of the divine attributes, theistic and atheistic arguments, religion and cause, faith and ethics, miracles, human freedom and divine windfall, technological know-how and faith, and immortality. furthermore it addresses themes of important significance that comparable books usually forget about, together with the argument for atheism from hiddenness, the coherence of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation, and the connection among faith and politics. it is going to be a necessary accompaniment to undergraduate and introductory graduate-level classes.

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Additional info for An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy)

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But most theists are insistent, as we will see in chapter 6, that God does not cause evil but rather merely (justifiably) permits it. Seeing God as merely permitting evil provides a moral buffer that would be unavailable if God were the full and direct cause of evil as is the case with 25 26 An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion occasionalism. This view thus makes God ‘‘the author of sin,’’ a position that has been almost universally rejected by theists. We were led to consider the possible truth of occasionalism because, first, it seemed that the greatest possible being would have some sort of direct involvement with the occurrence of every event in nature in a way that transcended mere conservation, and second, because the model of involvement through concurrence faced potent objections.

It looks as if God would have been out of luck. Sally did not freely choose coffee; and the only way God could have guaranteed that she do otherwise would have been to override her freedom. Why does this matter? Because according to OM N I P , omnipotence is the power to actualize any logically possible state of affairs. But the state of affairs ‘‘W is actual and then Sally freely chooses to have coffee’’ is one that God cannot bring about. Thus, it looks as if there are some logically possible states of affairs that even an omnipotent being cannot bring about.

More precisely, we can say that these things cannot be done because the description of the seemingly impossible task fails to describe a task at all. To speak of creating a bachelor is to speak of creating someone who is, among other things, unmarried. To create a married bachelor would be to create an unmarried person who is married. Obviously, that is incoherent. Some philosophers and theologians have resisted the idea that God cannot do the logically impossible. The seventeenth-century philosopher Rene´ Descartes seems to fall into this camp, and this view is thus often described as the Cartesian view of omnipotence.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy) by Michael J. Murray, Michael C. Rea

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