By Guy L. Beck
Going past the normal depictions of Krishna within the epics, this booklet makes use of local and vernacular resources to offer quite a lot of Krishna traditions.
Krishna—widely honored and loved within the Hindu tradition—is a deity of many points. An historical manifestation of the ideal God Vishnu, or the Godhead itself, Krishna is the bringer of Yoga philosophy and the writer of the universe, the destroyer of evil tyrants, and the hero of the epic Mahabharata. he's additionally defined in classical Sanskrit texts as having human features and having fun with very human targets: Krishna is the butter thief, cowherd, philanderer, and flute participant. but even those playful depictions are dependent upon descriptions present in the Sanskrit canon, and typically mirror accepted, classical Pan-Indian images.
In this publication, participants learn the choice, or unconventional, Krishnas, supplying examples from extra localized Krishna traditions present in various areas between quite a few ethnic teams, vernacular language traditions, and distant branches of Indian religions. those wide-ranging, substitute visions of Krishna comprise the Tantric Krishna of Bengal, Krishna in city women's rituals, Krishna as monogamous husband and more youthful brother in Braj, Krishna in Jainism, Krishna in Marathi culture, Krishna in South India, and the Krishna of nineteenth-century reformed Hinduism.
“The complete quantity deals a consi-derable spectrum of quite a few lesser-known types of Krishna bhakti awarded from varied examine views. it's an informative addition to experiences in commonly conceived Vaishnavism and non secular traditions.” — Acta Orientalia Vilnensia
“…Guy Beck has … provid[ed] a fantastically produced quantity with a few interesting study papers proposing ‘regional and vernacular diversifications on a Hindu deity’ … [he] has performed an exceptional carrier by way of amassing and soliciting splendidly wealthy and various articles.” — Indo-Iranian Journal
"Surely, there are few, if any, deities extra principal and demanding to Hinduism than Krishna. This quantity provides vital voices to our realizing of this Hindu deity, a true and intensely major accomplishment." — Jeffrey J. Kripal, writer of Roads of extra, Palaces of knowledge: Eroticism and Reflexivity within the examine of Mysticism
Contributors comprise Jerome H. Bauer, man L. Beck, Glen Alexander Hayes, June McDaniel, Anne E. Monius, Christian Lee Novetzke, Tracy Pintchman, Valerie Ritter, and A. Whitney Sanford.
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Extra info for Alternative Krishnas: Regional And Vernacular Variations On A Hindu Deity
The statues are first left alone to discuss business, and then seated at a feast in their honor, with the highest-status deities at the head of the table. Those who serve each statue show their devotion to their house deity. The order at the procession and the seats at the pañcayat meeting and feast are dependent on the temple service and donations of 33 34 June McDaniel food and money of their owners, who are most anxious to show their dedication to their house deities by placing them above other house deities.
The AmrtaratnavalŒ or “Necklace of Immortality” of Mukunda-dasa was composed approximately in 1650 CE, and in its more than three hundred couplets we find a rich trove of metaphors and Bengali cultural references—as well as the tantric visualizations and ritual procedures that are its main focus. As with other Bengali vernacular tantras, it expresses a worldview emphasizing embodiment, the transformative and salvific powers of ritual sexual intercourse, and the importance of “substance” in the religious quest.
The world of Kartik puja embraces predominant imagery of Krishna’s playful behavior as transgressive. 4 It is associated primarily with the worship of Vishnu and therefore is most meaningful to Vaishnavas, although many non-Vaishnavas also participate in religious practices associated with the month. A rich variety of ritual observances bring the month to life in Benares in people’s homes, in temples, and along the ghats, the banks of stone steps and landings that run along the banks of the Ganges River at the edge of the city.
Alternative Krishnas: Regional And Vernacular Variations On A Hindu Deity by Guy L. Beck