Download e-book for iPad: Alcohol and Speech by Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

By Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

ISBN-10: 0121727750

ISBN-13: 9780121727758

''Alcohol and Speech'' serves as a unmarried, unifying reference resource for these attracted to speech motor results obvious within the acoustic list, response instances, speech verbal exchange options, and perceptual judgments. Written via a linguist and a psychologist, the booklet offers an analytic orientation towards speech and alcohol with an emphasis on laboratory-based learn in acoustic-phonetics and speech technology. it's a entire assessment of the results of alcohol on speech and compares some of the theoretical issues which shape this examine. experiences of either alcohol and speech were infrequent simply because every one box has its personal experimental protocols, methodologies, and examine agendas. This booklet fills a long-standing hole and is exclusive in supplying either breadth of assurance and intensity of study. A case examine regarding the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound develops a few of the felony implications of this examine. It illustrates a unified point of view for the learn of alcohol and speech. It comprises the advantage of years of study on alcohol and speech. It offers a wealth of analysis to investigators in a large choice of disciplines: drugs, psychology, speech, forensics, legislation, and human components. It demonstrates how alcohol and speech learn applies in a pragmatic scenario: the Exxon Valdez grounding. It features a word list in addition to a variety of tables and graphs for a fast assessment of information and effects.

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Historically, studies of this kind have not been of interest to speech science, acousticphonetics, or linguistics. Second, researchers working on alcohol and impairment have not been interested in speech production or perception. Moreover, and perhaps most importantly, these researchers typically do not have specialized training and experience in linguistics, speech science, acousticphonetics, or electrical engineering, which would provide them with the necessary tools, methodologies, and conceptual framework to study speech production in a scientific way.

In the analysis of vocal quality dimensions, significant main effects for alcohol dose were found for articulation, speaking rate, and drunkenness, and no significant main or interaction effects for the remaining dimensions nasality or inflection. To the human judges, subjects sounded more drunk, less articulate, and slower in the high-dose condition than in either the moderate-dose or no-alcohol conditions. 3 Discussion The results of this study demonstrated that consumption of alcohol affects vocal quality and that furthermore, these effects are dose-related.

1993)conducted electropalatographic and electroglottographic investigations of four talkers at five alcohol concentrations. Using these physiological techniques, they found that changes in speech and voice were sporadic rather than all-encompassing and proposed a model incorporating random noise and selective attention to account for the pattern of results. Watanabe et al. (1994) investigated the effects of alcohol using both acoustic analysis and fiberscopic examination of the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal mucosa.

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Alcohol and Speech by Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

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