By Fraser J.G.
Джеймс Джордж Фрэзер (1854-1941) - известный английский этнограф, исследователь древнеримской литературы и Ветхого Завета, видный представитель классического эволюционизма в антропологии, один из пионеров сравнительного религиоведения, внесший большой вклад в изучение тотемизма, культа природы и верований в загробную жизнь.
«Золотая ветвь» считается одним из наиболее значительных трудов, исследующих истоки религии. В нем Фрэзер собрал и систематизировал уникальный материал по первобытным верованиям, древним и современным религиям, народным обычаям, существующим в различных уголках земного шара.
Опираясь на огромный массив этнографических и исторических данных, автор стремился показать целостную картину верований и обрядов всех эпох. Переведенная на множество языков, эта книга принесла автору мировую известность и представляет несомненный интерес не только для тех, кто занимается историей религии и фольклористикой, но и для самого широкого кpyгa читателей.
Книги редкие ужасно, в нашей стране, как мне кажется, такое сложно найти, только в крупнейших библиотеках - тем большую ценность книги представляют. Кто знает английский язык, расхватывайте книги скорее!
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Extra resources for Aftermath - A supplement to Golden Bough
I9 2 5)> * R. V. Russell, op, * J. Kreemer, tit. i. woman in, 402. op. cit. p, 313. any MAGIC I8 CHAP. no doubt supposed to retard the delay on the threshold being woman's 1 delivery. In Africa, among the Boloki or Bangala of the Upper Congo, when aman is making a canoe, he must not drink water, or otherin other words, wise it is believed that the canoe would leak, water into his takes he as its hull, just would take water into " old women 2 Southern of Nigeria, Among the Ibibios body. ' be cooked upon logs in which the will may Only quite should act as a rejuvenating influence.
Then, if the warrior has stepped on a thorn, the thorn will be cool ; if he has knocked against a stump, the stump will ' be quiet and not hurt him,' (Mboza). Old men who remain at home must keep watch, and if they see a messenger coming they follow him to the chief, Should he bring bad news, they do not inform the women, as it is taboo to mourn over warriors before the return of the army. upon those who contravene this law. " is l the Khetran Baloch of Baluchistan in olden days strictly forbidden to grind corn on their handmills when the men were out on a raid, because Among the women were they believed that the noise of the grinding would cause confusion in the ranks of the raiders.
For the same reason people entering the house must not stop on the threshold but must come straight in or go straight out. All chests and boxes must be open, and the clothes and hair of the woman must hang loose. Further, all eiforts are made to get a brooding hen and to set it down before the in order that by its contagious example the be hastened. 3 This last provision is, of course, not a taboo but a positive injunction of homoeopathic rnagic. Among the Toradyas of Central Celebes it is similarly a rule birth woman, may that any person entering the house of a pregnant should not stand on the threshold but pass straight 1 Roy, The Birhors (Ranchi, PP- 376 sg$.
Aftermath - A supplement to Golden Bough by Fraser J.G.