By Antje Wiener
The Theory of Contestation advances serious norms study in diplomacy. It scrutinises the makes use of of ‘contestation’ in diplomacy theories in regards to its descriptive and normative strength. as a result, serious investigations into diplomacy are carried out in line with 3 considering instruments from public philosophy and the social sciences: The normativity premise, the variety premise and cultural cosmopolitanism. The ensuing thought of contestation includes 4 major good points, particularly varieties of norms, modes of contestation, segments of norms and the cycle of contestation. the speculation distinguishes among the main of contestedness and the perform of contestation and argues that, if contestedness is accredited as a meta-organising precept of world governance, usual entry to contestation for all concerned stakeholders will improve valid governance within the worldwide realm.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Contestation
3). To summarise, given that norms gain ‘normality’ (defined as recognition or a sense of appropriateness) through reiterated and—notably—interactive use, it follows that the power of norms depends on the degree to which normative meaning overlaps in socio-cultural interfaces (defined as arenas). 15 That is, they emerge through the enactment of normative structures of meaning-in-use. To indicate where empirical research is likely to identify and verify such interfaces, it is helpful to distinguish three stages in the process of norm implementation and the different types of agency involved.
In turn, the cultural ideal of democratic governance assigns a central constitutive impact of democratic constitutionalism to cultural practice as a constructive dimension of democratic constitutionalism. Thus, Tully emphasises that, ‘‘[I]f citizens take into account the culturally different or ‘concrete’ other, as well as the ‘generalized’ other, in the course of their deliberation, as they must, then there is no reason in principle why citizens may not be able to give good public reasons for the respect for and public recognition of those differences in diverse forms of constitutions and federations: reasons that are not particular to the members of that culture but are based on considerations of justice, freedom, equality, non-subordination and so on that are shared by citizens generally’’ (Tully 2008b, pp.
The important question, which follows now for the 15 For an excellent example of how to do this with MAXQDA, see Hofius (2014). 3 Contestation as Normative Practice 31 theory of contestation, is how the normativity premise may be conceptually integrated in order to fill the legitimacy gap based on equal access to contestation. To do so, it is necessary to turn towards two additional thinking tools. Transferring these three stages of enacting normative meaning-in-use into the global realm where societal groups, political order and normative rule are neither limited by territorial boundaries, nor bound by the institutional and constitutional settings of a state, adds complexity.
A Theory of Contestation by Antje Wiener