Get A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge PDF

By D. Armstrong

ISBN-10: 1349428841

ISBN-13: 9781349428847

ISBN-10: 1403907021

ISBN-13: 9781403907028

Clinical texts offer a strong technique of gaining access to modern perceptions of disease and during them assumptions concerning the nature of the physique and id. by way of mapping those perceptions, from their nineteenth-century specialize in disorder positioned in a organic physique via to their 'discovery' of the psycho-social sufferer of the past due 20th century, a heritage of id, either actual and mental, is printed.

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Additional resources for A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge

Sample text

In effect, schools were yet another place for the application of the sanitary rule that required dirt to be kept separate from bodies. At the turn of the twentieth century, however, a new hygienic concern appeared: one child could be a source of danger to another through contagious disease. The school thereby became a place of potentially dangerous contacts and exchange. The school was sited in the midst of the community mixing children from their separate domestic spaces so that disease in one home was quickly transferred to another: There is a mass of evidence showing conclusively that the schools are a principal means of disseminating disease throughout the community.

The new pathological death served to remove Man further from nature. Man was no longer a part of the natural world and subject to those forces that produced a natural death but a part of a separate and independent domain that was established through his inner death. In the world of nature ‘natural deaths’ reigned; in the world of Man pathological deaths acclaimed Man’s differentness. During 20 A New History of Identity life, the clinician searched the body for the pathological lesion and after life, the pathologist opened up the corpse in the post-mortem or autopsy to reveal the truth of death in the form of diseased processes or structures that had brought it about.

Regular and voluble clearing of nasal and respiratory passages, a routine part of everyday life, was designated as unclean; increasingly spitting became socially proscribed and spittoons were removed from public places. Venereal disease, for long a mark of immorality, became the archetypal manifestation of the dangers of interpersonal contact. Commissions, clinics, and public campaigns highlighted the incipient dangers of a disease that spread from body to body throughout the population and a network of medical personnel was established to retrace its secret passage from one corporal space to another.

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A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge by D. Armstrong


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