By Georgia L. Irby
A spouse to technology, expertise, and drugs in old Greece and Rome brings a clean standpoint to the examine of those disciplines within the historical global, with 60 chapters analyzing those subject matters from a number of severe and technical views. Brings a clean point of view to the examine of technological know-how, expertise, and drugs within the historical international, with 60 chapters interpreting those issues from numerous serious and technical views starts off insurance in six hundred BCE and contains sections at the later Roman Empire and past, that includes dialogue of the transmission and reception of those rules into the Renaissance Investigates key disciplines, recommendations, and routine in old technological know-how, know-how, and drugs in the ancient, cultural, and philosophical contexts of Greek and Roman society Organizes its content material in halves: the 1st makes a speciality of mathematical and average sciences the second one makes a speciality of cultural functions and interdisciplinary issues.
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Extra info for A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome
All Greek thinking on creation of the world involves organization from a previous, less organized state. 7. Empedocles Empedocles’ cosmic cycle has been the subject of much debate. I give the orthodox or “symmetrical” view of this cycle, though there are many variations, and more radical interpretations are possible. For Empedocles, there are four elements, earth, water, air, and fire, and two principles, Love and Strife. I am careful not to call Love and Strife “forces” as they do not act in a manner recognizable as any modern description of a force.
Heraclitus Interestingly, Heraclitus rejected cosmogony and destruction for the world: This cosmos, the same for all, was not made by Gods or men, but has always existed and will always exist. It is an ever living fire, kindling in measures and going out in measures. (TEGP 47) If we take this at face value, then there is no creation and destruction of the world for Heraclitus. Some doxographers, perhaps influenced by the importance of fire in Heraclitus, assimilated him to the Stoics, who believed in successive cosmoi: the death of one cosmos in a fiery conflagration leading to the birth of the next.
We might compare a modern scientific theory, according to which water is H2O, but under the influence of temperature and pressure it may manifest itself as a solid (ice), a liquid, or a gas (water vapor). A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome, First Edition. edited by Georgia L. Irby. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 30 Daniel W. Graham Almost all scholars follow Aristotle in this interpretation of the earliest philosophers.
A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome by Georgia L. Irby